people2017.12.26 23:32

How Your Diet Affects Migraines: Foods to Avoid, Foods to Eat

Millions of people worldwide experience migraines.

While the role of diet in migraines is controversial, several studies suggest that certain foods may bring them on in some people.

This article discusses the potential role of dietary migraine triggers, as well as supplements that may reduce migraine frequency and symptoms.

What Is a Migraine?

A migraine is a common disorder characterized by recurrent, throbbing headaches that can last up to three days.

Several symptoms distinguish migraines from normal headaches. They typically involve only one side of the head and are accompanied by other signs.

These include nausea and hypersensitivity to light, sounds and smells. Some people also experience visual disturbances, known as auras, before getting a migraine (1).

In 2001, an estimated 28 million Americans experienced migraines. Research has shown greater frequency in women than men (2, 3).

The underlying cause of migraines is unknown, but hormones, stress and dietary factors may play a role (4, 5, 6).

About 27–30% of those with migraines believe that certain foods trigger their migraines (6, 7).

Given that evidence is usually based on personal accounts, the role of most dietary triggers is controversial.

However, studies suggest some people with migraines may be susceptible to certain foods.

Below are 11 of the most frequently reported dietary migraine triggers.

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